Authors must provide the editorial board with the text of the article, drawn up in accordance with the requirements below and a license agreement signed by all authors.


Article requirements

To format an article, it is recommended to use the TEMPLATE, as well as follow the recommendations below.


Margins: top, bottom, right, left - 20 mm. Portrait orientation. Articles are submitted in docx format. (MS Word 2007-2010). Recommended number of characters in articles: from 15,000 to 30,000 characters with spaces. Font-family - Times New Roman. The font size of the main text is 11; line spacing is single spaced (from 5 to 10 pages of A4 typewritten text, not including tables and figures).


Design Recommendations

Tables are created using Word tools (not pictures) and are located inside the text of the article without text wrapping, in the order the results presented in the table are mentioned. Tables should have a serial number and a title (see template). A reference to the table in the text is required.


Figures should be clear and readable. They should be placed in the textual order. If there is a text in the figures, it should be readable and, if possible, correctable by the editorial staff.

It is not required to convert graphic materials made in Excel to other formats.

Figures are inserted into the text without text wrapping. Figures should have a serial number and a title (see template). Figure titles should be in the text. Embedding titles in the body of the figure, scanning and formatting in the caption format is UNACCEPTABLE. A reference to the figure in the text is required.


The information given in the tables and figures should be described in the article.


Formulas should be typed using the formula editor program. The International System of Units (SI) should be used for physical quantities.

Formulas are aligned to the right edge of the text. Each formula must have a number indicated in parentheses. Embedding the sequence number of the formula in the body of the formula is UNACCEPTABLE.

D = a·3 (1)

The formula must be editable; inserting formulas as figures is UNACCEPTABLE.


Reference information:

  • full name of the authors;
  • title of the article (should not contain more than 10 words);
  • the official name of the organization (or organizations, if the team of authors consists of representatives of several organizations) without abbreviations, the full postal address with an index;
  • email address of a corresponding author.



Abstract and Keywords Guide

Abstract (from 150 to 250 words, in Russian and English). The structure of an abstract is similar to the structure of a scientific article and contains the following main elements:

  • description of a study object;
  • research methods;
  • main scientific results.

Recommendations for writing style.

  1. The language of an abstract should be as simple and understandable as possible for a wide range of specialists. It is recommended to avoid niche words, abbreviations and symbols.
  2. The syntactic structure of the abstract is also as simple as possible. It is better to use short sentences, divide the text into paragraphs (usually 2-3 paragraphs).
  3. Since the abstract has a standard structure, you can use some cliches of a scientific language: reviewed / studied / generalized / analyzed; shown that / received / proposed.

The abstract should not contain:

  • excessive introductory phrases (“The author of the article considers ...”, “In this article ...”, etc.)
  • vague reference to the time of writing the article (“At present ...”, “At the moment ...”, “To this date ...”, etc.);
  • general description;
  • quotes, tables, diagrams, abbreviations;
  • references to literature sources.

Keywords or phrases to the article in Russian and English (from 5 to 7 words / phrases) should reflect the main content of the article, it is not recommended to use the terms of the title and abstract, as well as to use the terms of the subject area of research.


Structure of the article

Introduction. This section describes the study object and relevance of research, provides an overview of Russian and foreign literary sources, which allows to identify the main problems in this field, and the solution the research will be focused on. The goal of research and a list of objectives to be solved are presented.

Methods. The applied research methods are described in detail. The method must be described in such a way that another researcher is able to reproduce it.

Results and discussion. This section includes an analysis of the results obtained, their interpretation, and comparison with the results of other authors with references to their publications. It is recommended to present the results mainly in the form of tables, graphs and other illustrations. At the discretion of the authors, this section may be divided into subsections.

Conclusion. In this section, the authors sum up the results of scientific research on the basis of the results obtained and the identified dependencies, formulate conclusions that should logically correspond to the objectives.

Acknowledgments. This section is optional. It may contain a reference to the source of funding (grant, government program, etc.), the author can also express their thanks to people who contributed to the research or offered consultations on the article.


Literature/ (in Russian and English languages) (References))



Literature review


The reference to the source is given in square brackets in the text in the textual order (for example, [1], [1, 2], [3–7]). The text of the article should contain references to all sources from the list of references.


The number of references is at least 20.

For review articles – 40-60.

Where at least 50-60% of references are given to the publications included in the International Databases (Web of Science and Scopus).

The sources should be relevant and contain at least 8 articles from scientific journals not older than 10 years, where 6 articles are not older than 3 years.

Self-citation - no more than 20%


It is not recommended to provide references to:

  • thesis statements;
  • regulatory documentation (State All-Union standard, SNiP);
  • dissertations and their abstracts;
  • articles from non-peer-reviewed sources;
  • unknown conferences or materials of conferences and sources that are not in the public domain;
  • educational literature (textbooks, teaching aids, lecture notes, etc.)


The author provides a list of references in two languages: in Russian and English (references).


If the source has doi, it is mandatory to indicate it.


Examples of a reference list in Russian


The list of references in Russian should be done in accordance with the State All-Union standard 7.0.5-2008.